普選的國際標準

 

和平佔中運動發起人陳健民:

 

曾經有建制派的人說普選是沒有國際標準的,亦有人說普選的國際標準只包括選舉權,而不涉及參選和提名權。這些說法或者是一知半解,或者是在混淆視聽。

 

香港大學在今年3月20日邀請了一群知名的憲法學者,就在香港實行符合國際標準的普選進行討論,提出五點指導原則:

 

1. 必須確保人民在選舉過程中能自由地表達他們的意願;

2. 提名委員會必須平等地代表每一個市民的意見;

3. 產生提名委員會成員的過程要有包容性、要公開透明和讓市民參與;

4. 提名程序要合理、公平和透明,可包括經提名委員會確認的公民提名;

5. 公民參選、提名和選舉權都不應受到不合理限制。最後專家總結出普選國際標的核心,便是要確保市民在選舉中有真正的選擇。

 

不明白?想一想政府在免費電視發牌事件中,將現存二個電視台增至四個,為甚麼市民仍然覺得不滿?是因為政府篩走香港電視後,令人覺得沒有真正的選擇!因此, 如果一個得到社會相當支持的人士因為種族、性別、宗教或思想等理由而被篩走不能參選,即使選舉是一人一票,亦不會符合國際標準,因為選民沒有真正的選擇!

 

 

 

Chan Kin-Man:

 

Someone from the pro-establishment camp said that there are no international standards regarding universal suffrage. Some said that the international standards of universal suffrage include just the right to vote but not the right to nominate or stand for election. This kind of statements either show a lack of complete understanding or are intended to obscure the facts.

 

On 20 March, The University of Hong Kong invited a number of renowned constitutional scholars to have a discussion on implementing universal suffrage in Hong Kong that meets international standards. Five guiding principles came out from the meeting:

 

1. People must be able to freely express their will in the course of the election;

2. The nomination committee must equally represent the opinion of each citizen;

3. The process of selecting the nomination committee members must be inclusive,
open and accessible to the public;

4. The nomination process must be reasonable, fair and transparent.  It can include
civil nomination as confirmed by the nomination committee;

5. There should not be any unreasonable restrictions on the civil rights to stand for
election, nominate and vote.

 

The experts finally concluded that the core international standard of universal suffrage is to ensure voters have a genuine choice.

 

Think about this if you do not understand. Why are the people still not happy even when the government increased the number of free TV licenses from two to four? It is because the government has effectively taken away our real choice by screening out HKTV! By the same token, if a popular candidate is screened out from the election on the grounds of race, gender, religion or belief, voters do not have a real choice. Then such a election does not meet international standards even though it is one-person-one-vote.

 

 

相關文章: