和平佔中運動綱要 OCLP Basic Tenets

香港人可以有更好的生活
只看你是否願意打開試試

 

 

讓愛與和平佔領中環(和平佔中)運動綱要


 

1. 目標爭取2017年實行符合國際標準的特首普選

每名公民享有相等的票數、相等的票值和公民參選不受不合理的限制。

 

2. 信念民主、公民參與、非暴力

 

3. 步驟:公民商討、公民授權、對話談判、公民抗命

a. 公民商討:支持者以平等、理性的態度就運動與政改方案進行討論。

b. 公民授權:商討後產生的一個或以上方案,會讓市民透過全民投票的方式進行確認。

c. 對話談判:透過政黨、相關團體或公民行動,將全民投票得出的政改方案向特區或中央政府轉達。本運動期望泛民政黨在談判取得結果後,要再次經過公民授權,才到立法會按民意進行投票。

d. 公民抗命 - 假如中央政府違反承諾,拒絕給港人真普選,本運動會以和平方式佔領中環,表達港人的不滿。

 

 

 

常見問題


 

1. 參與公民抗命方式無論市民選擇下列何種方式參與,必須遵守非暴力原則,避免與執法者有語言或肢體衝突﹣

a. 支援那些進行公民抗命行為的公民,但自己無須進行違法行為;

b. 參與公民抗命的行為,但無須主動自首或放棄抗辯;

c. 參與公民抗命的行為,之後會主動自首並於法庭不作抗辯。

 

2. 公民抗命與一般違法行為有何差別?

公民抗命乃公民基於良知主動拒絕遵守不合理的法律、要求或命令,而不訴諸暴力。

與一般的違法行為分別如下:

a. 一般違法行為是為了私人利益,公民抗命是為了公共利益;

b. 一般違法行為可能涉及暴力,公民抗命是和平非暴力;

c. 一般違法者會逃避刑責,公民抗命者願意承受刑責。

由於公民抗命者願意承受刑責,因此並非挑戰法治,而只是希望促使民眾反思現存的法律及制度是否符合公義。

 

3. 為何要以公民抗命爭取普選?

現時由小圈子選舉產生的特首欠缺認受性,市民無從監督、亦不願意支持政府施政。缺乏民意的授權,特首難以對抗利益集團或推動有爭議性的政策,管治效力不斷下降。現行制度不公義之處,是將香港公民分為兩等,少數人有權選特首而大部分人被排諸門外。假如2017年特首選舉設有篩選制度,不合理地限制某些人士參與,能取得立法會三分二通過的機會微乎其微。假如政制原地踏步,現存不公義的社會狀況便會持續惡化,香港必會陷入嚴重的管治危機。當人們放棄政制改革的幻想,或者會加劇社會衝突,或者會出現政治疲勞甚至選擇移民。面對這樣的「政治懸崖」,我們只能用非常手段向全社會發出警告。

 

4. 如何確保佔領中環和平進行?

香港試過聚集一百萬人反六四屠殺、五十萬人反23條、十多萬人反國教都沒出現動亂,可見和平非暴力的群眾集會是香港公民社會優良的傳統。為了進一步確保佔中和平進行,我們提出5項措施:

a. 運動倡議人會用近一年時間向社會解釋和平的理念;

b. 每個參與和平佔中的市民,必須簽署誓約不與執法者進行肢體或語言衝突;假如參與者執意使用暴力,即自動脫離此和平公民抗命運動;

c. 每個參與和平佔中的市民,必須參加非暴力工作坊(或網上學習) ,掌握非暴力公民抗命的理念、控制自己及伙伴情緒的技巧,和應對執法者鎮壓的方法;

d. 組織以百計的糾察防止圍觀者進行擾亂;

e. 集會現場有完善音響廣播與其他安排,讓佔領行動保持祥和與莊重。

 

5. 和平佔中會否引發暴力鎮壓?

和平佔中是非暴力公民抗命,參與者被拘捕時不打算抵抗。以現時本港警隊的力量,政府根本無需動用武力便能將參與者在一兩天內全數拘捕,更無需動用解放軍。如果政府故意採取暴力鎮壓,公民抗命的精神是「打不還手」。佔中組織者亦會考慮列隊到警署自首,避免進一步的衝突。

 

6. 和平佔中會否癱瘓金融中心,造成重大經濟損失?

正如當年馬丁路德金在美國南部,杯葛巴士歧視黑人的行動帶來巴士公司的經濟損失,和平佔中亦可能為市民帶來某程度上的不便。這種代價是否值得付出,視乎社會上有多少人認為爭取平等的政治權利是公義的行為。假如行動只有幾千人參加,相信警方在一天內便可拘捕靜坐堵路的群眾,帶來的干擾大概像一場颱風。但假如有數以十萬計市民支持此行動,政府首要考慮的不應是如何拘捕或驅散示威者,而應重新就政改問題進行諮詢與談判,落實真普選。市民亦應該了解到現在的公權力(行政與立法)已被小圈子佔領,帶來的管治困局與社會矛盾已造成社會重大損失。

 

7.  和平佔中的行動是由誰作決定的?

和平佔中的目標、理念和基本的步驟是由三位倡議人提出,下設秘書處執行。運動亦成立來自各界別活躍人士組成的「協調委員會」,協助商討日、公民授權等事宜。操作性事宜由倡議人與協調委員會共同商議決定。重大決策如佔領或退出的時機,以電子投票方式由已簽署誓約的市民決定。政改方案則通過商討與公民授權(全民投票)方式,讓更廣泛的市民參與決定。

 

 

 


 

Hong Kong people deserve better

If you’d only turn the page

 

What type of a Hong Kong person are you?

1. Long working hours. Barely making ends meet. Mortgaged to the hilt. Outrageous rent for tiny cubicle flat.

2. Law-abiding. Respectful of rules and regulations. Yet witness to a Chief Executive and Senior Officials playing havoc with their public duties.

3. Hong Kong, your only home. Values high-degree of autonomy. Falling victim to collusion of big business and political interests, and blatant intrusion from Central regime.

4. Faith in democratization. Fully expectant of long-promised universal suffrage. Say “No” to “democracy with Chinese characteristics”.

 

If you can identify yourself with one of the above, please join the movement of Occupy Central for bringing changes to Hong Kong. Let’s work together and break the deadlock.

 

 

Occupy Central with Love and Peace - Basic Tenets


 

Goal

The election of the Chief Executive beginning in 2017 by universal suffrage consistent with accepted international standards. Specifics should include :

a. Right to vote ;

b. Each voter has an equal number of votes and with equal weight, and ;

c. Right to stand for office with no unreasonable restrictions.

 

Values

Democracy

Civic Participation

Non-Violence

 

Process

Public deliberation , Public authorization , Dialogue and Negotiation , Civil disobedience

a. Public deliberation

Participants deliberate on the Occupy Central movement and political reform options.

b. Public authorization

One or more political reform options emerge out of the deliberation and subjected to popular voting for confirmation.

c. Dialogue and Negotiation

The option which enjoys the strongest public mandate is presented to the SAR government and the Central Authorities through political parties, civic organizations and campaigns. At the end of these negotiations, the proposal is once again subject to a process of public authorization before voting by the Legislative Council in accordance with public opinion.

d. Civil disobedience

Should the Central Authorities renege on its pledge of genuine universal suffrage, the Occupy Central movement will demonstrate the disapproval of Hong Kong people by occupying the Central District peacefully.

 

 

 

FAQ


 

1. What do you mean by Civil Disobedience?

a. Civil disobedience is an act of conscience, actively refusing to comply with a law, decree or order that is unreasonable and unjust, but without resorting to violence.

b. Civil disobedience acts in the interest of the public and is peaceful and non-violent.

c. The person acting in civil disobedience is prepared to accept due penalty. The act is therefore not a challenge to the rule of law. Rather, it is an attempt to get the public to reflect on whether the existing law and order meets the requirement of justice.

 

2. Why resort to civil disobedience in the struggle for universal suffrage?

a. A Chief Executive elected only by a small circle of select persons lacks legitimacy and the government thus formed is not subject to public scrutiny. People are unwilling to give it their support. Without public mandate, the Chief Executive finds it difficult to resist special interests or take a firm stand on controversial issues. The capacity for effective governance is compromised.

b. The existing system is unjust because it puts Hong Kong citizens into two classes. A tiny few have the right to elect the Chief Executive. The rest, the overwhelming majority, are kept out. With the 2017 Chief Executive election, should some kind of candidate screening device be introduced in order to keep out certain persons, it would be near impossible to secure the necessary two-thirds vote for passage in the legislature.

c. Should this happen, the existing unjust system will carry on and society will continue on its downward fall. Hong Kong will become ungovernable. When people lose hope in political progress, social conflicts worsen, despair takes over, and many leave for good. This city is standing right on the edge of a political cliff. We have to resort to the extraordinary means of civil disobedience. This is a prophetic call to the entire community of Hong Kong.

 

3. How do you ensure Occupy Central will remain peaceful and non-violent?

a. We have the assurance of past events. 1 million marched in protest over the June 4 massacre of 1989. 500,000 took to the streets against the legislative enactment of Article 23. And over 100,000 assembled to defeat the introduction of national education. And through-out, on all these occasions, there was no unrest. Peaceful and non-violent protest is a strong Hong Kong tradition, which does us proud.

b. To further drive home the message of non-violence, Occupy Central organizers have spent close to one year spreading the word of peaceful protest. Every participant of Occupy Central has to sign a pledge, committing himself or herself against the exercise of bodily and verbal conflict in confrontation with the authorities. Participants acting otherwise automatically rule themselves out of the movement.

c. Mandatory workshops on the art and skill of non-violence will be provided to participating citizens. On-line offers are also being considered. The training deals with the idea of non-violence, and the management of emotions, of ourselves, of fellow protesters and of law enforcers.

d. Hundreds of stewards will be deployed during Occupy Central to prevent rowdy behavior by or instigated by by-standers. The protest venue will be served with means of instant communication. Civility will be the hallmark of the day.

 

4. Will Occupy Central likely lead to violent suppression?

a. Occupy Central is an exercise of peaceful and non-violent civil disobedience. In case of participants being arrested, no resistance will be offered.

b. Given the strength of the Hong Kong Police establishment, the government has the capacity to arrest all the protesters in a matter of one or two days without resorting to force. There is no need to summon the People’s Liberation Army.

c. Should the government see fit to use brutal force, the response of civic disobedience is one of “peaceful non-response”. Should circumstances warrant, protesters might together turn themselves in in group formation.

 

5. Will Occupy Central bring the central business district to a halt, causing heavy financial damage?

a. When Martin Luther King led the boycott of bus companies in southern United States for discrimination against black people, business suffered loss. Occupy Central might conceivably bring about certain inconvenience to members of the public. Is this a fair price to pay for the cause of justice? This is an assessment you and I must make in the light of the values we embrace.

b. If Occupy Central participants number in several thousands, it is probable the police could complete their arrest action within the span of one day. Impact on the public would be equivalent to that of a typical typhoon.

c. Should tens of thousands turn out to Occupy Central, the primary concern of the authorities would have to be different. Then it would not be a matter of arresting or dispersing the protesters. It would be a matter of moving towards introducing genuine universal suffrage, awakening to the fact that the executive and legislative authorities of this city have long been usurped by a small clique of privileged power brokers, that this could no longer be tolerated, and that failure to act would incur even more draconian social loss.

 

6. How can I participate in Occupy Central?

You and every Hong Kong citizen can participate in Occupy Central :

a. by giving support to those participating in civil disobedience, without yourself engaging in the act ;

b. by undertaking civil disobedience but would not voluntarily turn yourself in or waive the right of defense in court ;

c. by engaging in civil disobedience, by turning yourself in to the authorities and by waiving the right to defense.

Whatever your option, the cardinal requirement for participation is non-violence and steadfast refusal to engage in bodily and verbal conflict with law enforcers and provocateurs.

 

 

 


 

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